Lesson 2: Galatians 1

by | Jun 23, 2023 | Cornerstone Women's Bible Study, Galatians

Read Galatians 1:1-5 – Paul’s Greeting

1. Last week we discussed verses 1-2. As a reminder:

a. How does Paul describe himself and what might his purpose be for speaking of himself in such a way?

b. Who are the recipients of this letter? What do we know about them?

2. (vs 3) Paul’s Greeting: “Grace” is a variation of the standard greeting of ancient letters of this time, and “peace” is the Greek translation of the traditional Hebrew greeting.

a. Define grace and peace.

b. According to this verse, from whom do we receive grace and peace?

c. Explain this quote by Martin Luther: “These two terms, grace and peace, constitute Christianity.”

3. (vs 4-5) Throughout this letter Paul points the reader to the cross and the gospel message. These verses provide a quick summary of these central themes of Christianity. What do they say?

Read Galatians 1:6-10  – The Reason for the Letter 

1. (vs 6, 7) This is Paul’s only letter in which he does not express thanks in addressing the people. (See examples in Rom. 1:8-15 and 1 Cor. 1:4-9) Why might this have been omitted?

a. Define marvel. What does this word indicate?

b. From whom were the Galatians falling away?

c. What were they turning to instead?

d. What is the difference between “a different gospel” and “another gospel”?

e. What were those causing trouble guilty of doing? What would be an example of this?

f. Verse 7 refers to “the gospel of Christ” not “the gospel of Paul”. Why is this important?

2. (vs 8-10) Paul is so determined to correct this that he repeats himself. What does he say?

a. The word “accursed” means: under a curse, doomed, ill-fated, damnable, detestable. Why would Paul use such a strong, offensive word?

b. (vs 10b) Observe the comparison of pleasing men with being a bondservant of Christ. What do you see?

3. The word “gospel” means “good news”. But the “different gospel” contained some bad news. What could that have been? What might be a present day example of this?

Read Galatians 1:11-17 – Paul’s Calling and Preparation for Ministry
1. Most people hear the gospel message from another person, but not Paul. He heard it through the direct revelation of Jesus. We read about it in Acts 9:1-19. Summarize these verses:

2. The gospel was revealed to Paul by God. Paul’s message was not man’s attempt to reach God, but God’s plan to reach down and communicate with mankind. How does this foundational truth of Christianity differ from other religions?

3. (vs 13) “For you have heard” indicates that people were familiar with Paul’s past, and his salvation story. As part of sharing the gospel, Paul would have had many opportunities to share his testimony. Every Christian has a testimony. Are you ready to share yours when the need arises?

4. (vs 15,16a) When did God first put His calling on Paul? To whom was he called to preach the gospel? (See Acts 9:15) Why was this significant?

5. (vs 16b-17) Paul considers himself an apostle because he was called and taught by Jesus. Where must this teaching have taken place?

Read Galatians 1:18-24 – To Jerusalem and Beyond

1. It was 3 years after his conversion that Paul finally met Peter and James. How does this confirm that he was taught by Jesus?

2. What did Paul do during his 15 days in Jerusalem? Consider those conversations. What did they discuss? Why do you think this time was important for both Paul and Peter?

3. Describe in your own words what is happening in verses 21-23.

4. (vs 24) What caused the people to glorify God?